Breastfeeding Basics: Breastfeeding And Birth Control

Congratulations on your new bundle of joy! As a new mom, there are countless things to learn and consider, including the important topic of birth control while breastfeeding. In our article “Breastfeeding Basics: Breastfeeding and Birth Control,” we delve into the various options available to ensure effective contraception without compromising your breastfeeding journey. From non-hormonal methods to hormonal choices specifically designed for nursing moms, we’ve got you covered. Don’t miss out on this essential guide to help you navigate the world of breastfeeding and birth control.

Choosing a Birth Control Method While Breastfeeding

Congratulations on your new bundle of joy! As you navigate the world of motherhood, one important aspect to consider is birth control while breastfeeding. While breastfeeding itself can offer some contraceptive benefits, it is crucial to understand all your options and make an informed choice that suits your lifestyle and reproductive goals.

Effects of Breastfeeding on Fertility

Breastfeeding can have an impact on your fertility, but it is not a failsafe method of birth control. The hormonal changes that occur during breastfeeding can delay the return of your menstrual cycle, making it less likely for you to ovulate and conceive. This period of natural infertility is often referred to as lactational amenorrhea.

However, it is essential to note that breastfeeding’s contraceptive effect is not 100% reliable. Factors such as the frequency and duration of breastfeeding, the presence of supplementary feeding, and the age of your baby can influence its effectiveness. Therefore, it is crucial to explore additional birth control methods if you are not ready to expand your family just yet.

See also  Breastfeeding Basics: Breastfeeding And Adoptive Nursing

Breastfeeding Basics: Breastfeeding And Birth Control

Non-hormonal Birth Control Methods

If you prefer to avoid hormonal contraceptives while breastfeeding, several non-hormonal options can provide effective birth control:

Barrier Methods:

Barrier methods, such as condoms and diaphragms, are safe to use while breastfeeding as they do not interfere with milk production or quality. These methods work by physically blocking sperm from reaching the uterus and can be used both alone or in combination with other birth control approaches.

Copper Intrauterine Device (IUD):

The copper IUD is a highly effective form of contraception that does not contain hormones. It is inserted into the uterus by a healthcare provider, where it works by creating an environment that is toxic to sperm, preventing fertilization. The copper IUD can provide long-term protection, lasting up to ten years, and can be an excellent choice if you wish to avoid hormonal birth control methods.

Natural Family Planning:

Natural family planning methods involve tracking your menstrual cycle and monitoring fertile signs to determine when you are most likely to conceive. While this method requires diligence and awareness of your body’s natural rhythms, it can be effective when used correctly.

Hormonal Birth Control Methods

If you are comfortable with using hormonal contraception while breastfeeding, there are several options to consider. It is important to note that hormones can potentially affect milk production, although the overall impact is generally minimal. However, discussing your options with a healthcare professional is essential to ensure the chosen method is suitable for you and your baby.

Combination Birth Control Pills:

Combination birth control pills contain both estrogen and progestin hormones to prevent ovulation, thicken cervical mucus, and make it harder for sperm to reach the egg. These pills are taken daily and offer a highly effective method of contraception when used consistently and correctly. However, some healthcare providers may suggest waiting until breastfeeding is firmly established before starting combination pills.

See also  Breastfeeding Basics: Breastfeeding And Low Milk Supply

Progestin-Only Birth Control Pills:

Progestin-only pills, also known as mini-pills, are a suitable alternative if you are unable to take estrogen due to health concerns or personal preference. These pills solely contain progestin hormones and work primarily by thickening the cervical mucus, preventing sperm from reaching the egg. Progestin-only pills are generally considered safe for breastfeeding mothers.

Birth Control Shot (Depo-Provera):

The birth control shot, commonly known as Depo-Provera, is an injectable hormonal contraceptive that provides protection against pregnancy for three months. It contains progestin and works by suppressing ovulation and thinning the uterine lining. While it is a highly effective option, it is important to consider that the shot’s effects cannot be reversed immediately, and it may take several months for fertility to return after discontinuation.

Birth Control Patch:

The birth control patch is a transdermal contraceptive that releases estrogen and progestin hormones into the body through the skin. It is typically worn on the abdomen, buttocks, or upper body and is replaced weekly for three weeks, followed by a patch-free week. As with combination pills, some healthcare providers may recommend waiting until breastfeeding is well-established before using the patch.

Birth Control Implant:

The birth control implant, commonly known as Nexplanon, is a small rod inserted under the skin of your upper arm. It continuously releases progestin and provides protection against pregnancy for up to three years. This long-acting method offers convenience and highly effective contraception, making it a popular choice among breastfeeding mothers.

Intrauterine Devices (IUDs):

Alongside the copper IUD mentioned earlier, there are hormonal IUD options available for breastfeeding women. Hormonal IUDs, such as Mirena and Kyleena, release progestin into the uterus, preventing pregnancy for several years. They are inserted by a healthcare provider and offer a reliable, low-maintenance birth control method that does not interfere with breastfeeding.

Breastfeeding Basics: Breastfeeding And Birth Control

Barrier Methods of Birth Control

Barrier methods of birth control can be used effectively alongside breastfeeding. Condoms, both male and female, provide a physical barrier that prevents sperm from entering the uterus. They are easily accessible, do not require a prescription, and offer protection against sexually transmitted infections as well.

See also  Establishing A Breastfeeding Routine With Breast Implants

Diaphragms, when used with spermicide, are another barrier method that can be considered. They are inserted into the vagina before intercourse to prevent sperm from reaching the cervix. Diaphragms require proper fitting and a healthcare provider’s prescription but can be a viable option for those seeking non-hormonal birth control methods.

Emergency Contraception While Breastfeeding

In case of a contraceptive failure or unprotected intercourse, emergency contraception can serve as a crucial backup option. When used within a specific timeframe after intercourse, emergency contraception can prevent pregnancy from occurring. Some emergency contraception methods include dedicated pill formulations or the use of regular birth control pills in higher doses, with guidance from a healthcare provider.


Breastfeeding and birth control go hand in hand as you navigate your postpartum journey. It is important to remember that no single birth control method is suitable for everyone, and what works for one person may not work for another. Discussing your options and concerns with a healthcare professional is vital to find the best birth control method that accommodates your breastfeeding relationship, family planning goals, and overall health. Remember, there is a wide range of birth control choices available, and with a little guidance and knowledge, you can make an informed decision that empowers you to enjoy both breastfeeding and responsible family planning.